What is Forex trading?
FX trading allows you to speculate on the changes in currency strengths over time, trading currencies and buying or selling one against the other. Forex traders seek to profit from fluctuations in the exchange rates between currencies, speculating on whether one currency’s value, like the pound sterling, will go up or down in relation to another, such as the US dollar.
With over 5 trillion dollars’ worth of currencies traded globally every day, the foreign exchange market is the most traded in the world, making it a highly liquid and dynamic market. This high market liquidity means that prices can change rapidly in response to news and short-term events, creating multiple trading opportunities for retail FX traders.
How does Forex trading work?
Forex is always quoted in pairs, in terms of one currency versus another. Take for example GBP/USD (sterling vs US dollar) – the fluctuations in the exchange rate between these two is where a trader looks to make their profit. The first currency, also known as the base is the one that you think will go up or down against the second currency, which is known as the quote.
When trading currencies, you can speculate on the future direction of the market, taking either a long (buy) or short (sell) position depending on whether you think the currency’s value will go up or down. Forex price movements are triggered by currencies either appreciating in value (strengthening) or depreciating in value (weakening).